Newsletter....December 2017
PBS Newsletter Archives

December Meeting

This month’s meeting focuses on our annual Holiday Celebration, and one of the features of this meeting is the Holiday raffle, in which surprise after surprise awaits the lucky ticket holders. Each year we have a bunch of raffle surprises - pots, tools, wire, trees, whatever...- and lots of fun trying to separate the great items from the "zonks". There's even somewhat of a treasure hunt - which is trying to find the package containing the free MidAtlantic registration. That's right, one of the beautifully wrapped packages will contain a free, full registration to the 2018 MidAtlantic Bonsai Societies Spring Festival, but be careful, packages can be deceiving.
Our short program for the evening will be a video presentation from the "Bonsai in Japan" series.
Please bring a goodie to share with the group - cookies, crackers, cheeses, dips, veggies, cakes, pies, or whatever. PBS will furnish soft drinks.
Our Holiday Celebration is a wonderful tradition for all of our PBS members. Please join us and enjoy. This is a great evening and loads of fun, so add to the enjoyment with your participation. We promise you’ll have a good time!

Annual Holiday Social and Raffle
Date: Friday, December 15
Location: Greater Plymouth Community Center
Time: 7:30

Future Meetings

January - Winter Break - No Meeting
February 16 - Soil Program Jim Gillespie & Mike Wigginton
March 3 -11 - PBS Exhibit at the Philadelphia Flower Show

November Meeting

Our November members' auction was well attended, with lots and lots of great sale items in both the live and silent auctions. Lots and lots of pots and prebonsai material seemed to be the main items for sale. Some exceptionally nice pots went for very reasonable prices. Sales totaled a little over $2500, with 80% going to the sellers. The 20% that went to PBS will help defray costs for room rentals and program speakers and materials.
Our live auction went quite smoothly and quickly, thanks to auctioneer Jim Gillespie, assisted by Mike Wigginton and the recording crew. Thanks to all the members for their support - hopefully, everyone had a profitable and enjoyable meeting!

National Bonsai Foundation News

If you have traveled to Washington to visit the National Bonsai & Penjing Museum, you know that we have one of the finest collections in the world virtually next door. The Museum could not survive without the help and support of bonsai enthusiasts in the United States.
The end of the year is nearly upon us, and with it , time is running out for those charitable donations for tax purposes. The National Bonsai Foundation is one excellent recipient for those donations. Please do your best to support the National Bonsai Foundation through a tax-deductible contribution and membership. Past donations and pledges have enabled the restoration and renewal of the Japanese Exhibit, which reopened in October. Future projects are also dependent on your support.
Your contribution and membership in NBF will help guarantee the Museum’s continuance. Basic membership is $35.00. You may join easily on the NBF web site: , or you may make your check payable to The National Bonsai Foundation, and mail to: The National Bonsai Foundation. 3501 New York Avenue N.E., Washington

Flower Show Notes

The 2018 Philadelphia Flower Show, "Wonders of Water" will be held from March 3rd to the 11th. PBS will again be displaying bonsai, and providing information to show attendees.
Exhibit trees are needed!! As you are putting trees away for the winter, please look carefully for a tree you'd like to exhibit. You can contact our Flower Show Chair, Bob Mahler - or 215-432-4982, for more information about exhibiting.
Since PBS is now going solo at the Flower Show, Bob has asked that any member interested in working on the demo side of the exhibit can sign up to do so. Members can work on a tree or just meet and greet show attendees.
Also Linda Brant has asked that she will be glad to sign you up for one or more exhibit sitting spots. Free admission to the Flower Show will be provided to sitters (in fact, sitters on the first morning shift can get into the Flower Show ahead of the general public). Contact Linda - or 610-416-3216 - or sign up at an upcoming meeting.

This is a glossary of commonly used English bonsai terms; it includes only the most frequently used Japanese terms.

ADVENTITIOUS BUD - A bud that occurs in an unusual place on a tree.
APEX - The highest point of the tree, this can be a single branch or can consist of a series of small branches.
APICAL - Growth produced by a plant which is most vigorous, in the majority of species this at the furthest points of the plant from the rootsystem (upper and outermost branches)..
BACKBUDDING - Process by which apical growth is pruned to induce growth further back along the branch or trunk.
BUDBREAK - The point at which a bud has opened enough to show a green tip.
BUD EXTENSION - The point before Budbreak where the tiny buds that have been on the branch since the previous year begin to swell and extend.
BLEED - To weep sap.
BRANCHES - The Primary branches are those that grow directly from the trunk; the Secondary branches are those that grow directly from the primary branches, the Tertiary branches grow from the secondary branches.
BROAD-LEAVED/CONIFEROUS - Conifers belong to the group of naked-seeded plants known as gymnosperms, their seeds are not enclosed in an ovary. Conifers have leaves which are needle-shaped or scale-like. With a few notable exceptions they are evergreen. Broad-leaved trees are a much larger group belonging to the angiosperms or flowering plants which have seeds enclosed in an ovary. The majority are deciduous and go dormant in Autumn through to Spring.
BUD - Organ or shoot that contains an embryonic branch, leaf or flower.
BUTTRESSING - This is also known as root-flare, where the base of the tree flares outwards giving the feeling of great age and solidity.
CAMBIUM - Green growth tissue directly below the bark, its increase adds to the girth of roots and stems.
CALLUS - Tissue that forms over a wound on a branch or trunk as part of the healing process.
CANDLE - Name given to the extending bud of a Pine before the new needles open.
CHLOROSIS - Loss of chlorophyll and leaf colour as a result of mineral deficiency.
CHOP Commonly used word that describes the heavy pruning and reduction in height of the trunk of a tree.
CULTIVAR -A cultivated variety of a species i.e. Acer palmatum 'Bloodgood' or Acer palmatum 'Deshojo' are both Acer palmatum cultivars or varieties.
DESSICATION -Lack of water; desiccated leaves usually occur when the roots are unable to supply water to them.
DECIDUOUS -A plant that sheds its leaves each year in Autumn- this can be a broad-leaved or a coniferous tree.
DEFOLIATION -The process of partly or completely removing the leaves of a tree during its summer dormant period to induce a crop of finer, smaller leaves which can greatly increase ramification.
DIEBACK -Death of growth beginning at tip from disease or injury.
DISSECTED -Deeply cut into segments or lobes.
ERICACEOUS -A term referring to acid loving, lime-hating plants.
EVERGREEN - A plant that remains in leaf all year. It should be noted that evergreen trees slowly shed their oldest leaves at certain times of the year (depending on species) as they are replaced by new growth.
FORM - Used to categorise a bonsai using its most conspicuous aspect; this can be according to its trunk direction (formal or informal upright, slanting, cascade etc) or its number of crowns (single trunk, multi-trunk or group) for instance. see notes on forms
GENUS - The name given to a group of plants that have a common feature- the first part of a plants Latin name i.e. ACER palmatum.
INTERNODE - Section of growth between two nodes (leaves or leaf-joints).
JIN A deadwood effect on a bonsai- can be either an old branch or a protruding part of the trunk. Jins can be found naturally occurring on old collected trees though are more often than not, artificially created from unwanted branches.
LAYERING - Ground and airlayering are methods of producing new roots from the trunk or branches of a tree; often used as a propagation method but also useful for correcting poor surface rots (nebari).
LITERATI - A bonsai form where the tree has a tall, slender trunk with no lower branches and only sparse foliage confined to the upper reaches of the tree.
MAME - Name given to bonsai less than 15cm/6 inches in height.
NEBARI - Commonly-used Japanese term to describe the surface roots of a bonsai (those that can been seen on or above the surface of the soil).
NODE - Growth point on a branch or trunk from which leaves, leaf buds and shoots can arise.
OVERWATERING - Where a tree growing in poor-draining soil is given water too frequently (the soil does not begin to dry out before more water is applied). This decreases even further the amount of air available to the roots caused by the poorly drained soil. Eventually leads to dead roots and root rot.
PEAT - Inorganic bonsai soil component that has rightly fallen from favour amongst bonsai enthusiasts.
RAMIFICATION - The repeated division of branches into secondary branches.
SEASONAL BONSAI - Species that only look their best for a short period of the year, for instance trees grown for their flowers or fruit.
SHARI - Deadwood on the trunk of a bonsai (as opposed to Jin which is a deadwood branch or protrusion).
SOIL - In the context of bonsai, soil does not refer to the soil found in the ground but specialist bonsai soils used for growing bonsai. Organic soils are those that contain ingredients derived from plants; peat, bark or leaf litter. Inorganic soils contain inert materials, mineral, stone or hardened/fired clays such as grit, sand, akadama or turface.
SUIBAN - A shallow tray with no drainage holes that is commonly filled with either gravel or water and can house rock plantings.
SPECIES - The subdivision of Genus; the second name in Latin nomenclature i.e. Acer PALMATUM.
SPHAGNUM MOSS - Generic/general name given to long-fibred moss, used as a soil component for bonsai and layering. Sphagnum Moss Peat is rotted and broken down Sphagnum Moss and does not have the same positive properties for bonsai or layering.
STYLE - The style of a tree has previously been used to describe the main direction the trunk of a tree takes, this should be correctly referred to as the FORM. The style of the tree describes the way a bonsai has been shaped to create an image of its fully grown counterpart; this can be in a contemporary or a classical style, an impressionistic or an expressionistic style.
TOKONOMA  - Traditional display area in a Japanese house where bonsai are brought inside for  a short period and displayed with accent plantings and calligraphy.
TREE - Commonly bonsai growers will refer to their bonsai as trees rather than as bonsai.
UNDERWATERING - Where a tree is allowed to dry out or is not watered thoroughly when required.
VARIETY - The sub-division of Species ; the third name in Latin nomenclature i.e. Acer palmatum 'DESHOJO'.
XYLEM - Area below cambium in the trunk.
YAMADORI - Trees collected from the wild for the use as bonsai. Originally used to describe wild trees collected from mountainous regions.

MidAtlantic Festival

The 2018 MABS Spring Festival will be held at the Raddison Cromwell Hotel, 100 Berlin Road, Cromwell, Connecticut.
This month's artist's feature will focus on Daisaku Nomoto.
Mr. Nomoto began his bonsai apprenticeship in 1995 as a teen at Kihachi-en where he studied under master Kihachiro Kamiya and was senpai (senior apprentice) to 2017 MABS headliner Boon Manakitivipart. After his apprenticeship, Daisaku returned to help run his father’s bonsai nursery Nomoto Chinsho-en in the Southern isle of Kyushu, Japan.
In 2004, less than 10 years after beginning his apprenticeship, Daisaku won the prestigious Kokufu prize for his work on a black pine. In 2005 he took over Nomoto Chinsho-en and has been practicing and teaching bonsai all over the world since.
Daisaku loves working on junipers and black pine, and MABS have some amazing, large Shimpaku supplied from Boon’s garden for his MABS workshop.
MABS are fortunate to have Aichi-en graduate Juan Andrade translating for Daisaku!
Registration forms are available online. Online registration and payment are also available. Just go to and click on Spring Festival > Digital Registration. Workshops and Critiques will fill up quickly, so register as soon as possible. The workshop material for this year's Festival is outstanding. Don't overlook the added workshop with John Romano featuring material specially grown for shohin. Special motel rates of $99/night are available for registrants.
Dates for the 2018 MABS Spring Festival - April 13-15 - please mark them on your calendars and make a real effort to attend.

We would like to have four trees from our members for Exhibit at the Festival. Please contact Jim Brant, Jim Gillespie, or John Berna if you are interested - transportation can be arranged.

Directions to the Greater Plymouth Community Center

From Pennsylvania Turnpike (I-276)-Take Exit 333 (Norristown - old exit 25). At the end of the ramp, turn left onto Plymouth Road. At the light, turn right onto Germantown Pike West. Continue approximately one (1) mile, through five (5) traffic lights. At the sixth light, turn right onto Jolly Road. The Community Center is on the right at 2910 Jolly Road.
From Blue Route (I-476)-Take exit for Germantown Pike West (Exit 20). Continue on Germantown Pike west for approximately one (1) mile, through six (6) traffic lights. At the seventh light ti right onto Jolly Road. The Community Center is on the right at 2910 Jolly Road.
From Route 202-Follow Route 202 to Germantown Pike. Travel EAST on Germantown Pike, through five (5) traffic lights. At the next traffic light, approximately half a mile, turn left on Jolly Road.

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